Physical abuse: Physical abuse involves the intentional use of force or physical injury against a child. This may include hitting, shaking, burning, or other forms of physical harm.
Emotional abuse: Emotional abuse involves the verbal or nonverbal mistreatment of a child that can damage the child’s mental and emotional well-being. This may include name-calling, belittling, shaming, or withholding love and affection.
Sexual abuse: Sexual abuse involves any sexual contact or behavior with a child, whether or not the child is aware of what is happening. This may include sexual touching, fondling, or rape.
Neglect: Neglect involves the failure to provide a child with the basic necessities of life, such as food, shelter, clothing, and medical care. It may also include failing to protect a child from harm or exposing a child to dangerous situations.
It is important to be aware of the different forms of child abuse and to take action to prevent and address abuse whenever it occurs.
If you suspect that a child is being abused, it is important to report it to the authorities or to a trusted adult.
In the United States, you can report suspected child abuse or neglect to the National Child Abuse Hotline at 1-800-4-A-CHILD (1-800-422-4453).
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