The role of developmental factors in SIDS

The role of developmental factors in SIDS
Developmental factors, such as the age and development of the infant, may play a role in the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), also known as crib death. 
SIDS is the sudden and unexpected death of an infant under one year of age, which cannot be explained after a thorough investigation.

Infants who are younger than four months of age are at higher risk of SIDS compared to older infants.

 The risk of SIDS peaks at two to four months of age and then declines as the infant grows and develops.

Developmental factors may affect the risk of SIDS because they can influence the function of the brain and respiratory system, as well as the infant’s ability to arouse from sleep and respond to challenges to their breathing.

 For example, infants who are born prematurely or with low birth weight may be more vulnerable to SIDS because they may have delays in their development and may have a harder time regulating their body temperature and breathing.

To reduce the risk of SIDS, it is important to use a firm, flat surface for sleep, such as a crib or bassinet, and to place the infant on their back to sleep. It is also important to avoid exposing the infant to tobacco smoke and to use light, breathable clothing and bedding.

 In addition, parents can reduce the risk of SIDS by keeping the infant’s sleeping environment cool and well-ventilated and by avoiding placing the infant on soft surfaces or in environments that are too warm

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